Afghan migrant crisis requires regional solutions: Ankara

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Turkey is set to step up measures against illegal migration, as diplomatic sources have said that irregular migration stemming from the situation in Afghanistan must be managed through regional solutions.

Turkey has been a key transit point for asylum seekers wishing to enter Europe to start a new life, especially those fleeing war and persecution. Ankara has recently seen an increase in the number of refugees, especially from Afghanistan.

Concerns have grown over a possible increase in the number of migrants from Afghanistan due to the United States’ withdrawal from that country after two decades and the subsequent wave of Taliban attacks.

Turkey has deployed additional reinforcements to its eastern border with Iran and further measures are expected to be applied. Border security will be supported by technological systems.

As recently announced, to ensure the safety and security of the Turkish-Iranian border, a 295 kilometer (183 mile) wall will be built along the entire joint border. It is hoped that the wall will help prevent illegal crossings and smuggling and also prevent terrorists from infiltrating the country.

Also, the Turkish authorities are planning a three-step system to curb the wave of migration. Surveillance, patrol, control and ambush activities of border units are carried out in the first stage of the three-stage barrier system established in the framework of the fight against illegal immigration. In the second stage, there is a mobile ambush and patrol in the rear area with commandos, and in the third stage, the capture and deportation of passers-by with the coordination of the Gendarmerie and relevant units of the Turkish Armed Forces ( TSK).

Diplomatic sources note that the solution to the problem of illegal immigration from Afghanistan must be found between the countries of the region.

European Union countries stand out among the countries to which Afghans prefer to immigrate. In this context, the governments of the Netherlands, Austria, Germany, Belgium, Denmark and Greece have demanded that Afghan citizens, whose asylum applications have been rejected and who have exhausted all avenues appeal, be sent back to their country.

Adelbert Jahnz, one of the spokespersons for the European Commission, also said that the return of Afghans whose asylum applications have been rejected is not available to the bloc and depends on decisions to be made by the states. members.

As uncertainty over asylum claims and illegal immigration within the EU persists, Ankara said the European Union, which has yet to put in place migration mechanisms at the end of her mission in NATO, should be careful not to be “caught off guard” while in the wave of migration from Syria.

Turkey stresses that it will not bear the burden of the migration crises suffered as a result of the decisions of third countries. In this context, security measures are reinforced at borders and advanced technology products, including drones and planes, are used to detect illegal immigrants. The border troops have been reinforced, especially against a possible increase in the illegal crossing point on the Iranian border. Cameras, thermal imaging cameras, radars, binoculars and camera traps and other reconnaissance and surveillance tools are also widely used at borders.

The Turkish Foreign Ministry recently rejected an “irresponsible decision taken by the United States” regarding Afghan refugees. Ankara has criticized the US program to offer potential resettlement to Afghans who may be targets of Taliban violence because of their affiliations, saying the move would cause a “big migration crisis” in the region.

The statement came after the US State Department announced a US Refugee Admissions Program Priority 2 designation for Afghan nationals who worked for the US government, US-based non-governmental organizations and agencies. Press.

Turkey’s Foreign Ministry said in a statement that it rejects any reference to Turkey as a migration route for Afghans, and added that Turkey – the world’s top refugee host with more than 4 million migrants – would not undertake “a new migration crisis on behalf of a third country.”

Video footage has shown large groups of migrants in the area near the border with Iran, although the Turkish government says there has been no increase in numbers yet.

The Taliban have launched a broad offensive across Afghanistan in recent months, capitalizing on the final stages of the US troop withdrawal, which is due to be completed by the end of August, and raising fears of a possible humanitarian crisis.

The United Nations recently estimated that half of Afghanistan’s 39 million people need help and called on the international community to maintain financial support for the country.

Many migrants arriving via Iran head to Istanbul to find work or passage to another coastal city from which to embark for Europe.

Turkey and Iran are the countries most affected by the migration problem caused by growing tensions resulting from the Taliban’s advance in Afghanistan, Turkish Parliament Speaker Mustafa Sentop said last week.

President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan said Turkish officials were holding high-level talks on the issue with their Afghan counterparts.

The issue is also expected to feature in talks between Ankara and Brussels over updating a 2016 deal under which Turkey received aid to take in migrants seeking refuge in the European Union.

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